Project Euler | Problem 8 | Largest product in a series



Problem Description :


The four adjacent digits in the 1000-digit number that have the greatest product are 9 × 9 × 8 × 9 = 5832.

73167176531330624919225119674426574742355349194934
96983520312774506326239578318016984801869478851843
85861560789112949495459501737958331952853208805511
12540698747158523863050715693290963295227443043557
66896648950445244523161731856403098711121722383113
62229893423380308135336276614282806444486645238749
30358907296290491560440772390713810515859307960866
70172427121883998797908792274921901699720888093776
65727333001053367881220235421809751254540594752243
52584907711670556013604839586446706324415722155397
53697817977846174064955149290862569321978468622482
83972241375657056057490261407972968652414535100474
82166370484403199890008895243450658541227588666881
16427171479924442928230863465674813919123162824586
17866458359124566529476545682848912883142607690042
24219022671055626321111109370544217506941658960408
07198403850962455444362981230987879927244284909188
84580156166097919133875499200524063689912560717606
05886116467109405077541002256983155200055935729725
71636269561882670428252483600823257530420752963450

Find the thirteen adjacent digits in the 1000-digit number that have the greatest product. What is the value of this product?

Concept :


This solution of this problem is very simple and straight forward, we are using the following algorithm.
  1. Store 1000 digit number in a String.
  2. Run the loop from 0 to (1000-12).
  3. Inside loop find the substring for each index and extract 13 digits.
  4. Now convert this substring into BigInteger and multiply all the digits.
  5. Store multiplication in one variable.
  6. Find max on repeating steps 3 to 5.


Java Program :


package com.javamultiplex.projecteuler;

import java.math.BigInteger;

/**
 * 
 * @author Rohit Agarwal
 * @category Project Euler Problems
 * @problem Largest product in a series.
 *
 */
public class Problem8 {

 public static void main(String[] args) {

  String thousandDigitNumber = "73167176531330624919225119674426574742355349194934"
           + "96983520312774506326239578318016984801869478851843"
           + "85861560789112949495459501737958331952853208805511"
           + "12540698747158523863050715693290963295227443043557"
           + "66896648950445244523161731856403098711121722383113"
           + "62229893423380308135336276614282806444486645238749"
           + "30358907296290491560440772390713810515859307960866"
           + "70172427121883998797908792274921901699720888093776"
           + "65727333001053367881220235421809751254540594752243"
           + "52584907711670556013604839586446706324415722155397"
           + "53697817977846174064955149290862569321978468622482"
           + "83972241375657056057490261407972968652414535100474"
           + "82166370484403199890008895243450658541227588666881"
           + "16427171479924442928230863465674813919123162824586"
           + "17866458359124566529476545682848912883142607690042"
           + "24219022671055626321111109370544217506941658960408"
           + "07198403850962455444362981230987879927244284909188"
           + "84580156166097919133875499200524063689912560717606"
           + "05886116467109405077541002256983155200055935729725"
           + "71636269561882670428252483600823257530420752963450";
  String thirteenDigitString = null;
  // Lower limit of long is -2^63.
  long lowerLimit = (long) -Math.pow(2, 63);
  BigInteger thirteenDigitNumber = BigInteger.ZERO;
  BigInteger multiplication = BigInteger.ZERO;
  // Converting long to BigInteger.
  BigInteger max = BigInteger.valueOf(lowerLimit);
  for (int i = 0; i < 1000 - 12; i = i + 1) {
   //Extracting 13 digit number.
   thirteenDigitString = thousandDigitNumber.substring(i, i + 13);
   //Converting String to BigInteger.
   thirteenDigitNumber = new BigInteger(thirteenDigitString);
   multiplication = getMultiplication(thirteenDigitNumber);
   /*
    * if multiplication>max we will get 1 
    * else if multiplication<max we will get -1 
    * else if multiplication==max we will get 0
    */
   if (multiplication.compareTo(max) == 1) {
    max = multiplication;
   }
  }
  System.out.println("The greatest product of thirteen adjacent digits in the 1000-digit number is : " + max);
 }

 private static BigInteger getMultiplication(BigInteger thirteenDigitNumber) {

  BigInteger remainder = BigInteger.ZERO;
  BigInteger base = BigInteger.valueOf(10);
  BigInteger multiplication = BigInteger.ONE;
  while (thirteenDigitNumber != BigInteger.ZERO) {
   remainder = thirteenDigitNumber.remainder(base);
   //getting each digit one by one then multiplying
   multiplication = multiplication.multiply(remainder);
   thirteenDigitNumber = thirteenDigitNumber.divide(base);
  }
  return multiplication;
 }

}
 


Thank you friends, I hope you have clearly understood the solution of this problem. If you have any doubt, suggestion or query please feel free to comment below. You can also discuss this solution in our forum.

Tags : Project Euler Problem 8 solution in Java, Mathematics problems, Largest product in series, BigInteger, for loop, while loop, if else statement.

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Project Euler | Problem 8 | Largest product in a series Project Euler | Problem 8 | Largest product in a series Reviewed by Rohit Agarwal on 1/19/2017 Rating: 5

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